Zdravlje bubrega je od vitalne važnosti za cjelokupno stanje zdravlja

Pet osoba od 100 razvije bubrežne kamence tijekom života. Izgledi su čak i veći za kroničnu bolest bubrega. Zdravlje bubrega je od vitalne važnosti za cjelokupno stanje zdravlja, kao i dugovječnost naših života.

Bubrezi se nalaze s obje strane donjeg dijela leđa, odmah ispod rebara. Njihova funkcija u tijelu je ukloniti otpadne tvari iz krvi i regulirati količinu tekućine u tijelu.

Kada bubrezi postaju preopterećeni toksinima, može doći do bolesti bubrega i mokraćnog mjehura. Ljudi s najviše rizika za razvoj bubrežnih bolesti su oni s dijabetesom, visokim krvnim tlakom ili obiteljskom povijesti bolesti bubrega. Muškarci obično imaju veći rizik za razvoj kroničnih bubrežnih bolesti nego žene.

Znakovi i simptomi bolesti bubrega:

češća potreba za mokrenjem ili problem kontroliranja mokrenja

bol u donjem dijelu leđa

bol ili peckanje prilikom mokrenja

edem (tzv. držanje vode) u plućima, nogama, trbuhu, itd.

oticanje oko lica, očiju, nogu i gležnjeva

krv u urinu.

Ako su bubrezi normalni, oni ne zahtijevaju posebnu brigu. Zdrava, uravnotežena prehrana i adekvatan unos vode dovoljni su za održavanje bubrega. Međutim, ako osjećate gore navedene simptome, trebali biste koristiti sljedeće savjete za dobro održavanje vaših bubrega.

Provjeravajte krvni tlak i šećer u krvi

Dva vodeća uzroka bolesti bubrega su dijabetes i visoki krvni tlak. Tijekom vremena prekomjerne količine glukoze u krvi štete milijunima sićušnih jedinica za filtriranje unutar svakog bubrega. Oko 20-30 posto ljudi s dijabetesom razvije bolesti bubrega (dijabetička nefropatija). Visok krvni tlak može oštetiti male krvne žile u bubrezima. One ne mogu filtrirati otpad iz krvi kako bi trebale. Broj jedan način da se spriječi oštećenje bubrega je zadržati razinu šećera u krvi i krvni tlak što bliže normalnima.

Jedite uravnoteženu prehranu

Ključ zdrave prehrane je povećanje potrošnje biljnih namirnica dok se smanjuje potrošnja rafinirane i masne (pečene) hrane. Prehrana bazirana na voću i povrću omogućava tijelu da se alkalizira putem bubrega, smanjuje krvni tlak i doprinosi osjećaju dobrobiti.

Smanjivanje potrošnje mesa

Prehrana bogata životinjskim proteinima može dovesti do stvaranja kamenaca. Meso stvara mokraćnu kiselinu nakon što je obrađeno od tijela. Mokraćna kiselina je osnovni problem za stvaranje kamenaca i gihta.

Smanjenje unosa soli

Višak soli dovodi do abnormalnih nakupljanja kalcija u krvi koji pak, stvara bubrežne kamence. Natrij u soli može povisiti krvni tlak, tako da osoba s kroničnom bubrežnom bolešću treba ograničiti hranu koja sadrži visoke razine natrija. Vaš unos natrija trebao bi biti umjeren.

Nemojte podcjenjivati vaš znoj

 Saune, joga i teška vježba mogu biti dobri za vaše zdravlje, ali oni također mogu dovesti do bubrežnih kamenaca. Zašto? Gubitak vode kroz znojenje – dovodi do manje proizvodnje urina. Više znoja, manje ćete mokriti, što omogućuje bubrežnim kamencima da se slegnu.

Umjesto toga: pijte što više vode. Jedna od najboljih mjera koje možete poduzeti kako biste izbjegli stvaranje bubrežnih kamenaca je piti puno vode, što dovodi do većeg mokrenja.  Dakle, budite sigurni da ste unijeli dovoljno vode naročito kada vježbate. Voda pomaže bubrezima da istjeraju toksine i spriječe pojavu bubrežnih kamenaca i infekcija. Puno vode nije nužno dobro za bubrege, stoga je uvijek bolje piti male količine vode tijekom cijelog dana.

Izbjegavajte pušenje

Ako pušite, doista morate pokušati prekinuti. Pušenje ne samo da povećava rizik od bolesti bubrega, ali i pridonosi smrti od moždanog udara i srčanih udara u osoba s kroničnom bolešću bubrega.

Izbjegavajte alkohol

Pijenje previše alkohola znači da bubrezi moraju raditi na uklanjanju toksina iz krvi. Granica je do dva mala pića dnevno za muškarce i jedno malo piće dnevno za žene.

Smanjite kofein

Kofein djeluje kao diuretik koji uzrokuje da tijelo gubi više tekućine i bubrezi rade teže. Ako želite smanjiti kofein, možete pokušati sa zelenim čajem bez kofeina.

Budite aktivni

Tjelovježba je važan element optimalnog zdravlja bubrega. Aktivnost je odlična za zdravlje bubrega kao i za ukupnu dobrobit cijelog tijela. No, izbjegavajte naporno vježbanje ako već imate bubrežnih problema. 

Prehrana

Potrebno je voditi računa o unosu određenih namirnica kao što je unos fosfora te natrija. Najbolje bi bilo kada biste svoj plan prehrane uskladili s onim što vam je odredio liječnik ili nutricionist. Pokušajte ponekad svoju prehranu obogatiti namirnicama kao što su riba, bijelo meso, jaja, mlijeko i mliječni proizvodi, jer upravo one osiguravaju aminokiseline potrebne organizmu. Kalcij i fosfor su bitni za zdrave kosti i zube, ali ako bubrezi ne rade kako treba, tada svakako trebate ograničiti unos takvih namirnica jer previsoka razina fosfora može izazvati tegobe kao što su bolovi u području kostiju i mišića. U tom slučaju trebate ograničiti unos namirnica poput mesa i orašastih plodova.

U slučaju pojave bubrežnih kamenaca, celer, hren i rotkvice su pravi dodatak za bolje zdravlje te naravno sok od brusnica, zbog toga što sadržava tvari koje zakiseljavaju urin i otežavaju preživljavanje bakterija. Ako imate probleme s bubrežnim kamencima, nastojte konzumirati barem 2 litre tekućine tijekom dana. Pomoću veće količine tekućine razrjeđujete mokraću i tako smanjujete koncentraciju opasnih spojeva.

Prema velikom broju istraživanja, pokazalo se kako je vegetarijanska prehrana najbolja u borbi protiv bubrežnih kamenaca. Tu se najviše misli na voće i povrće, integralne žitarice i manje masne mliječne proizvode.

33 thoughts on “Zdravlje bubrega je od vitalne važnosti za cjelokupno stanje zdravlja

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